Serve analyses of elite European table tennis matches

  • Zoran Djokic University EDUCONS
  • Ivan Malagoli Lanzoni University of Bologna
  • Michail Katsikadelis Democritus University of Thrace
  • Gunter Straub Association of German Table Tennis Coaches
Keywords: Activity Analyses, Notational Analyses, Player Performance

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyze the serve activities of elite European table tennis players. Twenty matches (78 games, 1466 points) of semifinal and final German League and Europe TOP 16 in men’s (in the top 30 of ETTU Rank list) were analyzed. Differences in serving activities (type, stroke type, outcome and placement) were analyzed according results outcome of match, game, point, phase of the game and type of games.
Results showed that forehand short serve prevailed (76.9%) instead other types of serve, mostly placed in the middle of the table on the opponent’s backhand side. Percentage of point won directly with serve was 11.6%, points won with 3rd stroke – 22.4% and points won with 5th stroke after serve (10.9%). Lost points after serve mostly were after 3rd stroke (25.0%) and after 5th stroke (22.4%) and serve errors were noted in 1.5% of all analyzed points. In the 3rd phase of the game serve points were won mostly with 3rd and 5th stroke instead previous phases of the game.
Results of Pearson’s chi-squared test showed an association between match outcomes and serve type and outcome, serve type and outcome considering phase of the game and different type of games with serve type, outcome and placing zones.

Author Biographies

Zoran Djokic, University EDUCONS

Faculty of Sport and Tourism, University EDUCONS – Novi Sad, Serbia

Ivan Malagoli Lanzoni, University of Bologna

School of Pharmacy, Biotechnology, and Sport Sciences. University of Bologna, Italy

Michail Katsikadelis, Democritus University of Thrace

School of Physical Education and Sport Science, Democritus University of Thrace, Greece

Gunter Straub, Association of German Table Tennis Coaches

Association of German Table Tennis Coaches, Germany

References

Djokic, Z. (2002a). Differences caused with new 40 mm ball in structure of competitors’ activities of top table tennis players. International Journal of Table Tennis Sciences, 5, 220–232.

Djokic, Z. (2002b). Structure of competitors’ activities of top table tennis players. International Journal of Table Tennis Sciences, 5, 74–90.

Djokic, Z. (2003). Service and service return in modern top table tennis. Book of abstracts of the 8th International Table Tennis Federation Sports Science Congress – The 3rd World Congress of Science and Racket Sports (p.21). Lausanne: ITTF.

Djokic, Z., Munivrana, G., & Levajac, D. (2016a). Match analyses of the final game of Men’s World Championship 2014 - China vs. Germany. In Kondrič. M., Zhang, X. & Xiao D. (Eds.), Science and Racket Sports V (p. 242-250). Suzhou University Press, China: Soochow University & International Table Tennis Federation

Djokic, Z., Munivrana, G., & Levajac, D. (2016b). Match analyses of final game of Men’s Team European Championships 2014 - Portugal vs. Germany. In Kondrič. M., Zhang, X. & Xiao D. (Eds.) Science and Racket Sports V. (p. 113-121). Suzhou University Press, China: Soochow University & International Table Tennis Federation.

Djokic, Z., Munivrana, G., & Levajac, D. (2017). Role of serve and return of serve at European Games 2015 table tennis tournament. In Kondrič, M., Fuchs, M. & Matjašič, T. (Eds.), Proceedings book of the 15th ITTF Sports Science Congress (p. 242-246). Switzerland: International Table Tennis Federation.

Djokic, Z., Straub, G., Malagoli Lanzoni, I., Katsikadelis, M., & Munivrana, G. (2019). Effects of rule changes on performance efficacy: Differences between winners and losers table tennis players. Facta universitatis - series: Physical Education and Sport, 17(1).

Fuchs, M., Liu, R., Malagoli Lanzoni, I., Munivrana, G., Straub, G., Tamaki, S., Yoshida, K., Zhang, H., & Lames, M. (2018). Table tennis match analysis: a review. J Sports Sci, 36(23), 2653-2662.

Geske, K.M., & Muller, J. (2010). Table tennis tactics (p. 71-77). Aachen: Meyer & Meyer Sport.

Hughes, M., Cooper, S.M., & Nevill, A. (2004). Analysis of notation data: reliability. In Hughes,M. & Franks, M.I. (Eds.), Notational Analysis of Sport-Systems for better coaching and performance in sport (pp.189 - 204). Second Edition, London: Routledge.

Katsikadelis, M., Pilianidis, T., & Mantzouranis, N. (2013). The interaction between serves and match winning in table tennis players in the London 2012 Olympic Games. Book of abstracts of the 8th International Table Tennis Federation Sports Science Congress – The 3rd World Congress of Science and Racket Sports (p.77-79). Paris: France.

Krippendorff, K. (2004). Content’s analysis: An introduction to its methodology. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Leite, J. V., Barbieri, F. A., Miyagi, W., Malta, E. S., & Zagatto, A. M. (2017). Influence of Game Evolution and the Phase of Competition on Temporal Game Structure in High-Level Table Tennis Tournaments. Journal of human kinetics, 55, 55–63.

Malagoli Lanzoni, I., Di Michele, R., & Merni, F. (2014). A notational analysis of shot characteristics in top-level table tennis players. European Journal of Sport Science, 14(4), 309-317.

McAfee, R. (2009). Table tennis: steps to success. Champaign, Ill.: Human Kinetics.

Molodzoff, P. (2008). ITTF Advanced Coaching Manual (p. 105 – 107). Lausanne: International Table Tennis Federation.

O'Donoghue, P. (2004). Match analysis in racket sports. In A. Lees, J. F. Kahn & I. W. Maynard (Eds.), Science and Racket Sports III (p. 155 - 162). London: Routledge.

O'Donoghue, P., & Mayes, A. (2013), Performance analysis, feedback and communication in coaching. In McGarry,T., O'Donoghue, P. and Sampaio, J. (Eds.), Routledge Handbook of Sport Performance Analysis (p.155 - 164). London: Routledge.

Padulo, J., Pizzolato, F., Tosi Rodrigues, S., Migliaccio, G.M., Attene, G., Curcio, R., & Zagatto, A.M. (2016). Task complexity reveals expertise of table tennis players. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 56(1-2),149-56.

Tamaki, S., Yoshida, K., & Yamada, K. (2017). A Shot Number Based Approach to Performance Analysis in Table Tennis. Journal of human kinetics, 55, 7-18.

Tepper, G. (2003). ITTF Level 1 coaching manual. Shanghai Minsun Packaging & Printing Company: ITTF.

Zhang, H., Liu, W., Hu, J.J., & Liu, R.Z. (2013). Evaluation of Elite Table Tennis Players' Technique Effectiveness. J Sports Sci, 32(1), 70-77.

Zhang, H., Zhou, Z., & Yang Q. (2018). Match analyses of table tennis in China: a systematic review. Journal of Sports Science, 36(23), 2663-2674.

Published
2020-06-30
How to Cite
Djokic, Z., Malagoli Lanzoni, I., Katsikadelis, M., & Straub, G. (2020). Serve analyses of elite European table tennis matches. International Journal of Racket Sports Science, 2(1), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.30827/Digibug.63715