Influence of playing style on the occurrence of missed shots in table tennis
Although the defensive style is competitive in modern table tennis, statistical analyses of it have been limited. The purpose of this study was to clarify the influence of playing style on the occurrence of missed shots, i.e. shots that resulted in a score for the opponent in table tennis. This study found that the defensive style decreases the incidence of missed shots, particularly after the fourth shot, although those of the second and the following shots also decrease. In matches played by a defensive player, missed shots were 6 to 8% less likely to occur than in matches between two offensive players. In addition, the defensive style reduces the likelihood of missed shots in a rally served by an offensive player, and the amount of reduction is about the same as in a rally served by a defensive player. By gender, male defensive players were less defensive than female. We also found it difficult to identify defensive players by the occurrence of missed shots because there might be players not categorised as having defensive style who were as defensive as defensive players.
Bishop, M. (2006). Pattern recognition and machine learning (pp. 430-439). New York: Springer.
Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences second edition (pp.215-271). New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Djokic, Z., Straub, G., Malagoli Lanzoni, I., Katsikadelis, M., & Munivrana, G. (2019). Effects of rule changes on performance efficacy: differences between winners and losers table tennis players. Facta Universitatis Series Physical Education and Sport, 17(1), 149-163.
Fuchs, M., Liu, R., Malagoli Lanzoni, I.,Munivrana, G., Straub, G., Tamaki, S., Yoshida, K.,
Zhang, H., & Lames, M. (2018). Table tennis match analysis: a review. Journal of Sports Sciences, 36, 2653-2662.
Loh, T.C., & Krasilshchikov, O. (2015). Competition performance variables differences in elite and U-21 international men singles table tennis players. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 15(4), 829-833.
Malagoli Lanzoni, I., Di Michele, R., Bartolomei, S., & Semprini, G. (2019a). Do left-handed players have a strategic advantage in table tennis? International Journal of Racket Sports Science, 1(1), 61-69.
Malagoli Lanzoni, I., Di Michele, R., & Semprini, G. (2017). Fifty years of top-class table tennis world ranking. In Kondrič, M., Fuchs, M., Matjašič, T. (Eds.). Proceedings book of the 15th ITTF Sports Science Congress, Düsseldorf, May 27th - 28th 2017 (pp. 399).
Lausanne: International Table Tennis Federation. Malagoli Lanzoni, I., Katsikadelis, M., Straub, G., & Djokić, Z. (2019b). Footwork technique used in
elite table tennis matches. International Journal of Racket Sports Science, 1(2), 44-48.
Straub, G. (2012). In the beginning was the halfvolley: the history of defence play in table tennis part I. The Table Tennis Collector, 63, 16-21.
Straub, G. (2013). The spreading and playing ability of defensive players in competitive table tennis. International Journal of Table Tennis Sciences, 8, 179-183.
Tamaki, S., Yoshida, K., & Yamada, K. (2017). A shot number based approach to performance analysis in table tennis. Journal of Human Kinetics, 55, 7-18.
Yoshida, K., Tamaki, S., & Yamada, K. (2019). Comparison of top-level world table tennis rallies in Rio and London Olympic games. In Kondrič, M., Paar, David (Eds.). Book of abstracts of the 16th ITTF Sport Science Congress, Budapest, 19th - 20th April 2019, (pp. 73). Pécs: University of Pécs: International Table Tenis Federation: Hungarian Table Tenis Association.
Yoshida, K., Yamada, K., Tamaki, S., Naito, H., & Kaga, M. (2014). Characteristics of world-class rally in table tennis: focusing on the number of shots played per rally. The Japan Journal of Coaching Studies, 28(1), 65-74.
Yuza, N., Sasaoka, K., Nishioka, N., Matsui, Y., Yamanaka, N., Ogimura, I., Takashima, N., & Miyashita, M. (1992). Game analysis of table tennis in top Japanese players of different playing styles. International journal of table tennis sciences, 1, 79-89.
Zhang, H., Liu, W., Hu, J.-J., & Liu, R.Z. (2014). Evaluation of elite table tennis players’ technique effectiveness. Journal of Sports Sciences, 32(1), 70-77.